Redbridge SERC

Cerebral Palsy


This is a non – progressive disorder of movement or posture caused by a malfunctioning of, or damage to the brain.

Cerebral palsy can be caused by

  • infections
  • rubella
  • compression of the brain in pregnancy
  • prematurity
  • diseases such as Meningitis
  • brain tumours
  • accident
  • blow to the head
  • drowning
  • lack of oxygen

3 in 1000 children have a degree of Cerebral palsy.

Fact sheets

Training / Help

SEaTSS can support students with this condition.

To refer to SEATSS please use this link:


Screenshot for video: Exercise routine for teenagers with Spina Bifida-useful for all wheelchair children

Exercise routine for teenagers with Spina Bifida-useful for all wheelchair children

National Center for Health, Physical Activity and Disability have produced a range video's showing some warm up, aerobic, and stretching exercises- a really useful link to share with PE staff. …

Screenshot for video: My Normal Childhood with Cerebral Palsy- Katherine’s Story

My Normal Childhood with Cerebral Palsy- Katherine’s Story

Children and young people with cerebral palsy can sometimes feel isolated, different, left out, angry and not understood.Scope's youth group started in late 2009 because our helpline team (Scope Response) …

Screenshot for video: Tomcat adapted trikes

Tomcat adapted trikes

Tomcat Trikes in action

Lesson Resources

KS1 & KS2 SCOPE Resource Pack ‘Imagine the difference’

Imagine the difference is a highly recommended resource for use in Schools and Colleges.

It contains lesson plans and resources to help promote the history of people with Cerebral Palsy.

Learning Aids

Twinkl Website great resources

Twinkl Website great resources

Available from: Twinkl resources

Highly recommended This is a great site with great clear resources for Literacy, Numeracy, Assessment, Language, Rewards, Visual timetable, Curriculum areas


Stickman Communication

Stickman Communication

Stickman Communications create brilliantly simple cards to help communicate a variety of conditions/ disabilities. They currently cover; * ASD * Sensory overload * Allergies  * Medical conditions  * Bowel and bladder conditions * Hypermobility and EDS * Migraine * Seizures * POTS /SVT * Visual impairment * Mental Health *…
Full Size image


Frequently Asked Questions

  • How can I support a student who dribbles?

    has specific advice relating to children with cerebral palsy.

  • What does Hemiplegia mean?

    Hemiplegia means Cerebral Palsy affecting one upper and one lower limb on one side.

  • What is Paraplegia?

    Paraplegia indicates lower limbs are affected by Cerebral Palsy.

  • What is Diplegia?

    Diplegia indicates the Cerebral Palsy has a major involvement of lower limbs and minor involvement of upper limbs.

  • What is Quadriplegia?

    Quadriplegia indicates all four limbs are affected by Cerebral Palsy.

  • What is Monoplegia?

    Monoplegia indicates the Cerebral Palsy impacts one limb only.

  • What is Monoplegia?

    Monoplegia indicates that the Cerebral Palsy has affected only one limb.

  • What is spastic cerebral palsy?
    • Spastic cerebral plasy occurs when the cerebral cortex of the brain is damaged.
    • Nerve fibres descend from the cerebral cortex to the limbs and damage to the cells/ nerve fibres result in spastic paralysis.
    • Students with spastic cerebral palsy tend to have very tight muscles.
    • As students grow older their muscles become shorter and this can lead to deformities of the limbs, spine and pelvis.
  • What is athetoid cerebral palsy?
    • Athetoid cerebral palsy is caused by damage to the basal ganglia (large collection of cells located in the central part of the brain).
    • Muscles change from floppy to tense and this can result in many uncontrolled body movements.


  • What are the educational implications for students who have Hemplegia?
    • Encourage pupil to use weaker side in activities, sports and play.
    • Monitor posture- position pupil to face the teacher/ whiteboard.
    • Minimise distraction– position away from door/ aisle.
    • Sit squarely with weaker arm on the table.
    • Sit with feet flat to support posture.
    • Use dycem matting / blut tac to stop papers, books sliding on table top
    • Loose paper maybe easier than exercise books.
    • Supporting staff member should sit alongside not in front of.
    • Provide squared paper in Maths—easier to line up columns.




Family Resources

Whizz Kids


Whizz-Kidz is a charity aiming to provide disabled children and young customised mobility equipment, training, advice and life skills.

This Charity provides equipment to children that is not available on the NHS. They also run Wheelchair training courses/ Mobility centres in Dagenham and Havering.

Contact a family


A UK wide charity providing advice, information and support to parents of all disabled children.