Redbridge SERC

Congenital Myopathy


The term myopathy is derived from the Greek and it means muscle disorder.

Myo = muscle

Pathy= disease

The congenital myopathies are a group of conditions which cause weakness and wasting of the muscles. In general symptoms are present at birth but may not be recognised until later on in childhood or even in adult life.

Congenital refers to the onset of the myopathy and means from birth.

Normal muscles consist of two types of muscle fibres (type 1 and type 2) and these fibres in young children are roughly the same size. In congenital fibre type disproportion; the type 1 fibres are smaller than type 2.

Fact sheets

Training / Help

SEaTSS can support students with this condition.

To refer to SEATSS please use this link:


Screenshot for video: Tomcat adapted trikes

Tomcat adapted trikes

Tomcat Trikes in action

Screenshot for video: Stretches for students in a wheelchair before PE

Stretches for students in a wheelchair before PE

A variety of stretches for beginner wheelchair basketball players, but could be usd with students who are in a wheelchair. Always ensure you seek advice for student's physiotherapist if you …

Screenshot for video: Congenital Myopathy -overview

Congenital Myopathy -overview

There are a series of short video's providing an overview of Congenital Myopathies.

Learning Aids

Please offer me a seat badge

Please offer me a seat badge

Available from:

TfL have recently introduced a badge to help Adults and Children who may have difficulty standing/ waiting on all TfL transport. It is designed to be supportive for hidden disabilities and medical conditions. The badges are free- you do notneed…

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Congenital Myopathies- what are the observable features?

    The degree of muscle weakness is variable, and generally involves muscles of the trunk and limbs and those with proximal involvement eg shoulders and thighs.

    Symptoms vary, however the following can be observed;

    • recurrent chest infections
    • drooping eye lids
    • dribbling
    • swallowing difficulties
    • weakness in trunk / limbs

    Children can be shorter than their peers, and over time develop curvature of the spine.

    Hearing, vision and intelligence are normally unaffected.

  • How is congenital myopathy treated?
    • Physiotherapy is the main form of support. The main aim is to keep the muscles as active as possible to prevent the formation of 'contractures' (muscle tendon tightness causing restriction in the range of joint movement).
    • Good seating and sitting position helps to prevent scoliosis (curvature of the spine).


Family Resources

Whizz Kids


Whizz-Kidz is a charity aiming to provide disabled children and young customised mobility equipment, training, advice and life skills.

This Charity provides equipment to children that is not available on the NHS. They also run Wheelchair training courses/ Mobility centres in Dagenham and Havering.

Contact a family


A UK wide charity providing advice, information and support to parents of all disabled children.