Redbridge SERC

Diabetes

Description

Diabetes Mellitus is a common condition which occurs when the amount of sugar in the blood is too high, and the body can't regulate it.

Sugar in your blood comes from sugary and starchy foods such as bread, potatoes, etc

Insulin is produced by the pancreas to provide energy for the body.

Normally insulin controls the amount of sugar in the body. Ideally there needs to be a balance between insulin secreted and food/drink taken.

There are 2 main types;

  • Type 1: develops when the body is unable to produce insulin. This type is known as Insulin dependent diabetes and usually occurs before 40 years.
  • Type 2: is when the insulin produces insufficient insulin. This type is known as Non Insulin dependent diabetes and usually occurs after 40 years.

Fact sheets

Training / Help

Help and support can be provided by;

  • school nurse
  • specialist diabetes team based at local hospital
  • Newbridge Outreach

Videos

Screenshot for video: Diabetes at school - key facts

Diabetes at school - key facts

Basic knowledge about key facts school staff need to know.

Screenshot for video: Diabetes and Children

Diabetes and Children

Diabetes awareness film- key facts discussed.

Screenshot for video: Diabetes- Hypoglycaemia

Diabetes- Hypoglycaemia

The greatest and immediate danger to children with diabetes is Hypoglycaemia or low-blood sugar

Learning Aids

Please offer me a seat badge

Please offer me a seat badge

Available from:

TfL have recently introduced a badge to help Adults and Children who may have difficulty standing/ waiting on all TfL transport. It is designed to be supportive for hidden disabilities and medical conditions. The badges are free- you do notneed…

Illustrations

Stickman Communication

Stickman Communication

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • Can pupils with Diabetes still do PE?

    http://www.diabetes.co.uk/kids/diabetes-and-sport.html

    Gives specific advice for PE and sport.

  • What causes diabetes?

    Diabetes occurs when the pancreatic cells are damaged / destroyed and this prevents effective secretion of Insulin.

  • What are the symptoms of Diabetes?
    • Extreme thirst
    • Excessive passing of urine
    • Extreme fatigue
    • Blurred or affected vision
    • Thrush

    The condition tends to develop quickly over days/weeks rather than months.

     

  • How is Diabetes treated?

    Type 1

     After diagnosis, a child will usually be referred to a local diabetes specialist normally in their local hospital.

    Most children with diabetes are cared for by their hospital as opposed to their GP.

    Type 1 typically means that the vast majority of islet cells have been destroyed and insufficient or zero insulin can be produced, the only certain method of treating diabetes in children is insulin treatment. i

    Fast-acting insulin will generally be administered during the day, and nocturnal levels will be controlled by a slow-acting dose.

    Insulin pumps are also common amongst children. Sometimes, in the initial period following diagnosis, small children will only need a very small dose of insulin, but this will unfortunately change as they grow older and larger. Good glucose control is essential in the management of all diabetics’ conditions.

    Type 2

    Treating type 2 diabetes in children depends entirely on how far their condition has developed. At an early stage, it may be possible to treat the condition with an abrupt lifestyle change incorporating a healthier diet and exercise. 

  • What are the school implications when supporting diabetic pupils?
    • Pupils have to test blood sugar levels - decide with pupil where is the best place to do this
    • Store sugar kit and emergency kit together and take on all trips outside school grounds
    • Students are encouraged to test their blood sugar themselves as soon as possible
    • If students need to inject Insulin, there needs to be an established place to provide privacy and safe disposal of used items (not a toilet area)
    • Pupils with diabetes should be encouraged to drink water
    • Students may need to use the toilet more frequently, consider position in classroom and a discreet toilet exit card
    • Students may require extra snacks, it is the family's responsibility to provide this and ensure the items are appropriate for use.
    • A care plan needs to be in place and regularly reviewed
    • Extra planning needs to ensure safe inclusion on school trips
    • Record and report food eaten during the day, ensure any dietary requirements are shared with lunch staff
    • Students can become confused / disorientated / aggressive if their sugar level falls too low
  • What are the signs of hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar)?
    • mood change
    • loss of concentration
    • shaking
    • headache
    • dizziness
    • sweating
    • pale appearance
    • glazed eyes
    • hunger
  • What are the symptoms of Diabetes?

    One or more of the following symptoms may be associated with diabetes:

    • Thirst
    • Tiredness
    • Weight loss
    • Frequent urination

    Amongst children, specific symptoms may include stomach aches, headaches and behavioural problems.

Family Resources

Ask Libby ? free online question and answer service for Children and Young People

Website: 
https://www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Kids/Help-and-support/Problem-page/
Description

Diabetes UK run a free problem page, where young people can email free any problems they are facing.

A link worth sharing with all children who have diabetes

Contact a family

Website: 
http://www.cafamily.org.uk/
Description

A UK wide charity providing advice, information and support to parents of all disabled children.