Brain image of Agenesis Corpus Callosum.
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Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum (ACC) is a birth defect in which the structure that connects the two hemispheres of the brain (Corpus Callosum) is partially or completely absent.
'Agenesis' means absent. The Corpus Callosum is the largest fibre tract in the central nervous system.
ACC is a spectrum of disability ranging from some pupils who are mildly affected to pupils who have severe special needs.
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There is currently some controversy over the statistics.
In 2008 in the USA found that 1.8 per 10,000 babies were effected.
The incidence of ACC effecting boys and girls is roughly equal, although the underlying cause may be different.
Callosum abnormalities are more common in children who have learning and developmental difficulties.
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