Redbridge SERC

Aspergers syndrome

Description

Asperger syndrome is a form of autism, which is a lifelong disability that affects how a person makes sense of the world, processes information and relates to other people. Asperger's Syndrome is a Pervasive Developmental Disorder that falls within the autistic spectrum. People with Asperger syndrome have fewer problems with speaking than autistic people and are often of average, or above average intelligence.

Fact sheets

Training / Help

Further help and support can be obtained from:

  • Early Years Assessment Service
  • Hatton Outreach
  • Little Heath Outreach
  • SALT
  • Occupational therapy
  • Newbridge Outreach to support motor/ICT needs

Videos

Screenshot for video: Zones of Regulation

Zones of Regulation

The Zones of Regulation pack has been created by the Child Therapy Service - to provide an inclusive approach to use with little children.

Screenshot for video: Autism/ Asperger’s simulation video by Christopher Nightingale

Autism/ Asperger’s simulation video by Christopher Nightingale

Christopher was 17 yrs old when he made this film. I feel this is a very useful film for School CPD/ general awareness of family members/ friends.

Screenshot for video: Brain Highway

Brain Highway

Introductory Brain Highways video on the effects of poor sensory integration, particularly proprioception.

Learning Aids

Twinkl Website great resources

Twinkl Website great resources

Available from: Twinkl resources

Highly recommended This is a great site with great clear resources for Literacy, Numeracy, Assessment, Language, Rewards, Visual timetable, Curriculum areas

Illustrations

Stickman Communication

Stickman Communication

Stickman Communications create brilliantly simple cards to help communicate a variety of conditions/ disabilities. They currently cover; * ASD * Sensory overload * Allergies  * Medical conditions  * Bowel and bladder conditions * Hypermobility and EDS * Migraine * Seizures * POTS /SVT * Visual impairment * Mental Health *…
Full Size image

Source: http://stickmancommunications.co.uk/epages/747384.sf/en_GB/?ObjectPath=/Shops/747384/Categories/topics

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What to you mean by social imagination difficulties?

    Students with autism can have difficulty with:

    • understanding other people's thoughts, feelings and actions
    • predicting 'What could happen next?'
    • sense of danger
    • engaging in imaginative play, although some students will have certain pretend play games they like to replay over and over
    • change 
    • unfamiliar situations

    However difficulties with imagination must not be confused with lack of imagination/creativity, as some students with Autism/Aspergers can have a particular talent in a specific area.

  • What social communication could be observed?
    • Difficulty with:
    • expressing themselves emotionally and socially
    • understanding gestures, facial expressions or tone of voice
    • knowing when to start or end conversations
    • choosing topics to talk about
    • with complex words or phrases
    • can be very literal
    • understanding jokes, metaphor and sarcasm.
  • Why are routines important?

    The difficulty with interpreting language, processing sensory stimuli etc. can mean the world is a very stressful/challenging place for students with Autism.

    The world can seem very unpredictable and a confusing place, therefore elements of the day that can be routine and predictable help students settle and interpret the daily events.

    Change to routine and structure with no warning, can lead to students becoming very distressed. The need for routine can become obsessional, leading to students demanding the same cup, type of cereal etc. so a mix of routine features with some changes that are prepared for, is best. Life can be very variable and it would be very difficult to keep all factors consistent, so students do need support to experience new things, however this needs to be planned for and be surrounded either side with experiences that are calming. 

  • What do you mean by social communication difficulties?

    Autistic students can have difficulty

    • interpreting body language
    • interpreting spoken language and often they will understand language in a very literal manner 
    • using or understanding jokes, sarcasm, facial expressions, common phrases or tone of voice

    Some students who have Autism

    • do not speak and access alternative forms of communication e.g. signs, symbols, communication apps
    • can repeat a phrase or sound this is known as echolalia
    • can be fixated upon specific topics of interest
  • Are there different names used for students who are on the Autistic spectrum?

    There are several different names used to identify the different aspects of the spectrum:

    • ASD- Autistic Spectrum Disorder
    • Classic autism
    • Kanner autism
    • Pervasive developmental disorder (PDD)
    • High functioning autism ( HFA)
  • What is sensory sensitivity?

    Students with Autism can experience sensory sensitivity with one or more senses.

    Senses can become intensified (hypersensitivity) or under-sensitive (hypo-sensitive).

    This can mean students can find sensory stimulation overwhelming and they can process sound, light, smell to a much higher level resulting in the stimuli being perceived as unbearably loud or distracting.

    Watch the Autism simulation video clip listed on the Autism web page- this illustrates this point very well.

    Alternatively students cannot process pain, temperature, pressure in the same way and can often present as being very 'heavy handed' or seeking pressure through their body e.g. leaning on other people, clapping etc

  • How many people in the UK have Asperger Syndrome?

    There are 1 million people in the UK with an autism spectrum disorder which is approximately 1 in 200.

    There are more males than females affected.

  • Are students with Asperger Syndrome sociable?

    Students with Asperger Syndrome often want to be sociable but at times can struggle with 

    • initiating conversation
    • sustaining social relationships
    • anxiety in social situations
    • maintaining friendships
    • change

    Students with Asperger syndrome can develop intense interests, which sometimes can become obsessive. This high level specific knowledge can at times inform areas studied/ future careers.

Family Resources

Autism UK

Website: 
http://www.autismuk.com/
Description

Autism UK aims to provide up to date information relating to Autism focusing upon news, historical overview, research, data.

Autism friendly cinema screenings

Phone: 
0871 22 44 007
Website: 
http://www.odeon.co.uk/fanatic/film_times/s126/South_Woodford/
Description

Odeon Cinema in South Woodford/Stratford Cinema have Autism friendly screenings. Films will start on promptly with no adverts/trailers. Carers go free.

Ring for the next screening planned.

Asperger syndrome UK

Email: 
.(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)
Website: 
http://www.asperger-syndrome.me.uk/
Description

A really comprehensive website - worth sharing with all staff and parents.